While not strictly a part of the persistent actor, timeouts are frequently used with snapshotting. Actors take up memory, which is still a limited resource. If an actor has not processed messages in a while, it makes sense to shut it down until it is again needed; this frees up memory. Adding a timeout to the user contacts service is similar to snapshotting:

const { messages, minutes } = require('nact');
const spawnUserContactService = (parent, userId) => spawnPersistent(
  // Same function as before
  async (state = { contacts:{} }, msg, ctx) => {},
  { snapshotEvery: 20 * messages,
    shutdownAfter: 10 * minutes

In the code above, the user contacts service stops if it hasn't received a new message in 10 minutes.